Obviously the frigid cold weather has hit us here in Cheyenne. Cold weather injuries can hit us if we allow them to, but what can we do to prevent them?  Today on the Top 5 at 7:45, I'll highlight some of the cold weather injuries that people encounter and some tips on how to prevent them.

  1. Frostbite - This happens when ice crystals formulate in cells. To avoid this, warm the affected areas if refreezing is possible. Also rubbing and massaging those areas can help as well.
  2. Frost Nip - This is the first stage of frostbite. It is reversible, superficial freezing of the tissue. To avoid this, rewarm the affected areas immediately.
  3. Hypothermia - This sets in when your body temperature goes below 95 degrees. If hypothermia is not treated quickly and properly, it can cause your heart and lungs to shut down, thus resulting in death. This is what happened to many who died in the water from the Titanic sinking.
  4. Trench Foot - This is also known as "Island Rot." It got the name from soldiers who suffered water damage to their feet during WWI. To avoid this, keep your feet dry and warm. Take your boots and socks off when you're sleeping. If you are heading out to fish or hunt in cold weather, pack extra pairs of socks, just in case.
  5. Chilblains - This is tissue injury that is commonly mistaken for frostbite, but typically not as severe. Symptoms include, but are not limited to blisters, burning and itching sensations. Also skin discoloration. Keep the affected area warm and some doctors recommend topical steroid cream for itching.

The Top 5 at 7:45 airs weekdays with me, Gary Freeman and sponsored by First Education Federal Credit Union.